Categories of electronic commerce

Main categories of electronic commerce - Electronic commerce (e-commerce)  or E commerce a subset of e business, is the purchasing, selling, and exchanging of goods and E-business consulting services marketing, E-business consulting, through which transactions or terms of sale are performed electronically. Unlike popular belief, E Commerce is not just on the Web.

E commerce can be broken into Three main categories: B2B or business-to-business, B2C or business-to-consumer, C2B Consumer to Business. The three categories that are most commonly used are:

    • Transactions conducted between businesses on the Web, often called business-to-business ( B2B)
    • Consumer shopping on the Web, often called business-to-consumer ( B2C)
    • Transactions and business processes in which companies, governments, and other organizations use Internet technologies to support selling and purchasing activities, A consumer posts his project with a set  online,  companies review the consumer's requirements. Through this consumers can reviews the bids and selects the company that will complete the project. We can see this example in blogs or internet forums where the author offers a link back to an online business facilitating the purchase of some product (like a book on Amazon.com), and the author might receive affiliate revenue from a successful sale.This process is called often Consumer to Business C2B
    Businesses often have entire departments devoted to negotiating purchase transactions with their suppliers. These departments are usually named supply management or procurement. Thus, B2B electronic commerce is sometimes called e-procurement.

    In addition to buying materials and selling items, the company must also undertake many other activities to convert the purchased materials into items. These activities might include hiring and managing the people who make the this item, renting or buying the facilities in which the items are made and stored, shipping the items, maintaining accounting records, purchasing insurance, developing advertising campaigns, and designing new versions of the items.

    All of these communication, control, and transaction-related activities have become an important part of electronic commerce. Some people include these activities in the B2B category; others refer to them as underlying or supporting business processes.

    For more than 70 years, business researchers have been studying the ways people behave in businesses. This research has helped managers better understand how workers do their jobs. The research results have also helped managers, and, increasingly, the workers themselves, improve job performance.

    By changing the nature of jobs, managers and workers can, as the saying goes, "work smarter, not harder." An important part of doing these job studies is to learn what activities each worker performs. In this setting, an activity is a task performed by a worker in the course of doing his or her job.

    For a much longer time-centuries, in fact-business owners have kept records of how well their businesses are performing. The formal practice of accounting, or recording transactions, dates back to the 1400s. A transaction is an exchange of value, such as a purchase, a sale, or the conversion of raw materials into a finished product.

    By recording transactions, accountants help business owners keep score and measure how well they are doing. All transactions involve at least one activity, and some transactions involve many activities. Not all activities result in measurable (and therefore recordable) transactions.

    more effectively is by enabling employees of many different kinds of companies to work at home. In this arrangement, called telecommuting or telework, the employee logs in to the company computer through the Internet instead of traveling to an office.

    Some researchers define a fourth category of electronic commerce, called consumer-to-consumer (or C2C), which includes individuals who buy and sell items among themselves.

    For example, C2C electronic commerce occurs when a person sells an item through a Web auction site to another person. In this book, C2C sales are included in the B2C category because the person selling the item acts much as a business would for purposes of the transaction.

    Finally, some researchers also define a category of electronic commerce called business-to-government (or B2G); this category includes business transactions with government agencies, such as paying taxes and filing required reports. An increasing number of states have Web sites that help companies do business with state government agencies. For example, the CAL-Buy site makes it easy for businesses to conduct online.

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